Russian vs Belarusian for dummies

Russian and Belarusian are the two official languages in Belarus. By all accounts Russian is far more widely spoken, both in Belarus in general and Minsk in particular. (There’s also a Russian–Belarusian hybrid, and Belarusian can be written according to at least two different conventions. But let’s keep things simple here.)

I’m frustrated that I don’t understand either language and at least I want to know which one it is that I’m hearing or reading. Hearing, I’ve no idea; but reading, it’s easy. Consider this bilingual sign on one building:

bilingual sign, Minsk

Which half is Russian, which Belarusian?
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